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People who stay up late have a higher risk of diabetes

We often speak about the value of sleep, but did you know those who go to bed later are actually at a higher risk of developing diabetes? Here’s what a new study out of the United States has found. 

According to a new study from a group of scientists in Boston, ‘evening chronotypes’ – i.e. night owls – have a 19 per cent increased risk of developing diabetes, because it’s a lifestyle riddled with unhealthier choices.

Not only do those who go to bed early make healthier food choices, but they’re also better rested, and are less likely to consume alcohol or smoke.

“Chronotype, or circadian preference, refers to a person’s preferred timing of sleep and waking and is partly genetically determined so it may be difficult to change,” Tianyi Huang, an associate epidemiologist in the Brigham’s Channing Division of Network Medicine, and study co-author, said.

“People who think they are ‘night owls’ may need to pay more attention to their lifestyle because their evening chronotype may add increased risk for type 2 diabetes.”

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Huang and her team analysed data from more than 63,000 female nurses from the Nurses’ Health Study II. The women were tested on diet quality, weight and body mass index, sleep timing, smoking behaviours, alcohol use, physical activity, and family history of diabetes.

Of the participants, around 11 per cent identified as being evening chronotypes, 35 per cent were morning chronotypes, and the remainder identified as immediate chronotypes, which means they were neither a morning nor evening person – they simply chopped and changed depending on their circumstances.

Each person was given a diabetes status, and what the night owls found was that prior to considering their lifestyle factors, they had a 72 per cent greater risk of developing the disease. Once their diets, weights, alcohol consumption, smoking status, physical activities and family histories were taken into consideration, the number declined to 19 per cent.

What this shows is that evening chronotypes were already leaps and bounds ahead because of their circadian rhythm – add poor lifestyle choices to the mix and they’re dancing with danger.

Funnily enough, it’s the nurses working the daytime rota that were on the back foot, not those who worked the night shift. That means a good proportion of the daytime workers were the ones staying up way past their bedtimes. Makes sense, given the overnighters likely hit the hay the moment they arrive home after a shift.

“When chronotype was not matched with work hours we saw an increase in type 2 diabetes risk,” Huang explained. “That was another very interesting finding suggesting that more personalised work scheduling could be beneficial.”

Sina Kianersi, a postdoctoral research fellow in the Brigham’s Channing Division of Network Medicine, and co-author agreed that a personalised work schedule is beneficial, however taking care of your body from the inside out might be the biggest necessity of them all.

“When we controlled for unhealthy lifestyle behaviours, the strong association between chronotype and diabetes risk was reduced but still remained, which means that lifestyle factors explain a notable proportion of this association.”

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Ariana Grande: The singer on the emotional toll of Botox and filler

Ariana Grande has made an ‚emotional‘ admission about the cosmetic enhancements she’s had over the years – and why she quit.

Vulnerability and transparency around cosmetic enhancements aren’t the most common course of action for celebrities, who often choose to keep a lid on the treatments they’ve undergone over the years.

While we do agree that it’s an individual’s prerogative to share as little or as much as they please, it was refreshing that Ariana Grande fell in the rare latter category.

On Vogue’s latest Beauty Secrets vlog, the 30-year-old let fans into her bathroom for a full rundown of her skincare and makeup regimen – specifically to show them how she dones her famous cat eyeliner. What they weren’t expecting was a teary admission from the ‘Thank U, Next’ singer.

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Grande kicked off the clip detailing her skincare steps and the products she favours throughout the routine. Then she went into her makeup, which doubled as a beauty confessional. 

„Full transparency, as a beauty person, as I do my lips,“ she began, armed with a lip tint. „I had a ton of lip filler over the years, and Botox. I stopped in 2018 ‘cause I just felt so, too much. I just felt like hiding, you know?“

Stopping to catch her breath, Grande’s eyes started tearing up. „Didn’t expect to get emotional,“ she continued, pausing to find her words.

„For a long time, beauty was about hiding for me. And now I feel like maybe it’s not.“

„These are just thoughts that I feel like we should be able to discuss. If we’re sitting here talking about beauty secrets, f**k it, let’s lay it all out there.“

And lay it all out there she did. 

Personal comments aside, that’s not to say she’s against people turning to cosmetic enhancements, in fact, she conceded that she might be open to injectables again in the future, and maybe even a facelift.

„Whatever makes you feel beautiful, I do support,“ she said. „But I know for me, I was like, ‚Oh, I wanna see my well-earned cry lines and smile lines.‘ I hope my smile lines get deeper and deeper and I laugh more and more.”

„I think ageing is such, it can be such a beautiful thing,“ she continued. 

„Now might I get a facelift in 10 years? Might, yeah,“ she laughed.

As a child star, Grande’s been accustomed to the makeup chair for decades. She’s also had fans and haters commenting on and scrutinising her looks for as long as she can remember.

„Being exposed to so many voices at a young age, and especially when people have, like, things to say about your appearance and stuff at a young age, it’s like really hard to know what’s worth hearing and not,“ she said.

„[I] used makeup as a disguise or something to hide behind.“

As cosmetic procedures grow in popularity and virality, it’s a nice change of pace to see a celebrity with such sway speaking out about the mental load of beauty treatments, and how for many it’s about fear rather than love. 

Whether you personally choose to inject or not, let’s hope we can all take a leaf out of Grande’s book and prioritise self-acceptance either way.

Read related topics:Skincare

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Phenylephrine: FDA finds decongestants in cold and flu medication do not work

You can park your cold and flu tablets this season, because as it turns out, the main ingredient in the over-the-counter variety, phenylephrine, doesn’t even work.

If you’ve ever wondered why your cold and flu tablet does zilch to relieve your ghastly symptoms, we can tell you why.

An advisory committee to America’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) unanimously agreed that phenylephrine in tablet form is actually ineffective. In fact, they discovered after analysing five different studies that it was nothing more than a placebo.

We feel duped, but also not surprised.

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Phenylephrine is found in oral cold and allergy decongestants, and was brought in to replace pseudoephedrine, which was banned from over-the-counter purchase to minimise its use to make methamphetamine.

Most cold and flu tablets contain a mix of paracetamol and phenylephrine, and the latter is included to supposedly act as a decongestant to help with clogged-up noses and sinuses. 

We were led to believe it narrowed blood vessels in the nose to provide relief. But now, the committee is blaming „unsound“ initial studies on the ingredient’s inclusion. 

“We do believe that the original studies were methodologically unsound and do not match today’s standard. By contrast, we believe the new data are credible and do not provide evidence that oral phenylephrine is effective as a nasal decongestant,” Dr Peter Starke, an FDA official who led the review, said

Several studies found that because of the way phenylephrine is metabolised via the gut and liver, it doesn’t enter the bloodstream in large enough amounts to provide any decongestant benefit. The panel didn’t, however, dispute phenylephrine’s effectiveness as a nasal spray.

Despite its side effects like lightheadedness, dizzy spells, an upset stomach and trouble sleeping, phenylephrine doesn’t pose a safety issue.

“It’s not a safety issue. It’s an effectiveness issue,” Dr Mark Dykewicz, an allergist and immunologist at Saint Louis University School of Medicine, told The New York Times.

If you want an ingredient that will do the job orally, Dykewicz said pseudoephedrine is the pick. Just remember, it’s kept behind the counter, nowadays.

Here in Oz, the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) sees things differently, and suggests it wouldn’t take phenylephrine in pill form off the market, and stood by the initial studies claiming its efficiency. The organisation claimed effectiveness simply varied between individuals.

“Its safety and efficacy are documented in standard reference texts,” a spokesperson told Body+Soul. 

“The perceived effectiveness of medications indicated to relieve symptoms such as nasal congestion can vary between individuals. Additionally, pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine have differences in the way they work which may result in some differences in their effectiveness.”

“Legislation requires that the active ingredient(s) is displayed prominently on the main label of the medicine to enable consumers to make informed choices when purchasing over-the-counter medicines.” 

Are there natural alternatives?

Now that we’ve lost a bit of hope in our phenylephrine-loaded C&F tabs, it’s understandable that you might want to look wider for other solutions.

Standing in a steaming shower or using a humidifier can do the trick. A nasal saline spray can also clear the mucus and any other irritants preventing you from breathing freely.

However, Dr Andrew Lane, director of the Johns Hopkins Sinus Centre did advise to not go overboard. “You can’t do too much saline,” Dr Lane said.

If it’s just the congestion you want to shift, and prefer medicinal relief, you could try oral antihistamines like Zyrtec, Claritin. We do suggest checking in with your GP, though, because if you’re suffering from fevers and aches, there could be more to your illness.

Always take medication as instructed by your doctor and/or pharmacist, and comply with the instructions on the packaging. For more information about cold and flu medication, visit

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All the cool new features coming to Apple Watch Series 9 and Ultra 2

A magical new double-tap gesture, brighter displays and new ways to log health data – these are just some of the exciting new features coming to the Apple Watch Series 9 and Apple Watch Ultra 2.

Head to your local gym or favourite park and you’re likely to notice something everyone has in common – the number of wrists sporting an Apple Watch. And it’s not hard to understand why.

I’ve previously admitted to using one since they were first introduced in 2015, and like many other people, I’ve been able to track run times, rides in the saddle (lockdown hobby) and countless laps in the pool. As a result, it’s been an invaluable tool in helping to monitor my progress (and occasional setbacks) when used with Apple’s Health app. 

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Last year, the tech company took the popular wearable to the next level with the introduction of the Apple Watch Ultra, designed to be the most durable and capable in its lineup of smartwatches. With that came new features such as the customisable ‘action’ button, a corrosion-resistant titanium case and water resistance up to 100m. No, a year on, Apple is again looking to build on its success.

From Apple’s Cupertino-based headquarters in Silicon Valley, we detail everything you need to know about the cool new features coming to Apple Watch Series 9 and Apple Watch Ultra 2.

What’s new with Apple Watch Series 9 and Apple Watch Ultra 2

Say hello to the double-tap gesture

Of all the features announced at today’s special event, none gained more attention and fanfare than the introduction of the new double tap gesture. While gestures for Apple Watch aren’t new, they’ve previously been limited to those requiring a direct physical connection with your device’s display – that is, until now. Starting with Apple Watch Series 9 and Apple Watch Ultra 2, the new double tap gesture, made by tapping your index finger and thumb twice in quick succession, will enable you to control your watch without having to touch the display.

The gesture can be used in multiple ways, from answering (or ending) a call, playing or pausing music, and even stopping workouts. Having tried the feature out after the special event, we believe this will change the way users interact with their Apple Watch forever.

Siri gets a glow-up with on-device processing and the ability to retrieve and log health data

In what was also a major update for Apple Watch users, Siri requests that don’t require Wi-Fi or mobile reception can now be processed directly on your device. As a result, Siri will be able to complete the command faster and with more reliable responses. Want to start a workout or set a timer to monitor your break between sets, but your gym has poor mobile reception? Siri will get it done directly from your wrist.

And because on-device processing is secure and private, you’ll also be able to retrieve and log health data using Siri. Want to know how many hours of sleep you had or log new data such as your weight, period or body temperature? Siri now has your back.

Apple Watch Ultra 2 takes centre stage 

While the Apple Watch Series 9 will come with several exciting improvements and new features, it’s the Apple Watch Ultra 2 that we’re really excited about. When Apple says it’s the most rugged and capable watch they’ve ever made, they weren’t kidding. The team put the Apple Watch Ultra 2 through rigorous and extreme testing for use across an incredible range of altitudes, we’re talking up to 9,000 metres right down to 500 metres below sea level. In short, it’s seriously tough.

The new model will also feature an updated display, up to 50 per cent brighter than its predecessor, making it easier to view and read mid-run, hike or while on your bike in harsh sunlight conditions. Speaking of displays, a new watch face, aptly called Modular Ultra, will allow you to see the most real-time data and number of complications of any Apple watch face.

Cycling (and hiking) gets a significant update with watchOS 10 on Apple Watch

When WatchOS 10 launches later this month, Apple Watch users will now be able to view key live cycling metrics on their iPhone (as long as it’s running iOS 17) for ease of view when mounted on their bike. Riders will also be able to access two new metrics, including watts and cadence, when paired with Bluetooth accessories such as speed and cadence sensors and power meters.

For avid cyclists, WatchOS 10 will be able to estimate the highest intensity a rider can maintain theoretically for an hour (known as Functional Threshold Power or FTP), and new personalised Power Zones will help track and improve performance without the need for additional accessories. 

For the keen hikers among us, the Compass app on Apple Watch will receive two new updates: the ability to record a waypoint that estimates the last known place with phone reception, and another that allows the creation of an emergency call waypoint that estimates where a user last had access to reception on any available network – not just your own.

For more on how WatchOS10 will change the way you cycle, discover the one secret to taking your cycling to the next level.

Pricing and the lineup

Apple Watch Series 9 prices start at $649 and will be available in both 41mm and 45mm sizes in starlight, midnight, silver, (PRODUCT)RED, and a new pink aluminium case, as well as stainless steel in gold, silver, and graphite cases. 

Apple Watch Ultra 2 will be available for A$1,399.

When can we expect to get our hands on them?

Orders for Apple Watch Series 9 and Apple Watch Ultra 2 can be made from today, with availability beginning Friday, September 22.

This writer travelled as a guest of Apple.

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